Letters are discovered through the illustrations of the fairy tales they hear, deepening their pictorial imagination and laying the foundation for a vivid approach to learning and children learn to read out of their own writing. The four elementary mathematical processes are introduced and reinforced through concrete activity, including movements such as skipping, jumping and rhythmic clapping, thus supporting and strengthening different ways of learning. Song and music punctuate the morning and the first musical instrument of these years, the pentatonic flute, is begun. Heart, hands and head are all engaged, as the child finds their own increasingly expressive and creative voice.

Each year the child will experience different stories and legends as a journey. In class two, animal fables and saints' stories meet the growing awareness of the contrasts that belong to our nature and the truth that authentic intelligence includes an ethical dimension. By class six, children will have experienced the worlds of Irish legends, Old Testament stories, Native American and Norse tales, Indian myths, Hinduism and Buddhism, Sumeria, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Islam and medieval times as they are drawn through contrasting worlds towards the actual events of history and characters who have played a formative role in shaping events.

Science is developed, meeting the wonder and curiosity of the young child. Observation and a profound appreciation for the natural world and its rhythms are encouraged in myriad ways throughout the cycle of the year. Natural history and biology are begun in class four and five through the study of the animal and plant kingdoms. Physics and chemistry are introduced at class six in recognition of a significant cognitive shift in the child and the readiness for understanding how science draws on ways of thinking about and discovering the world.

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